In 2008, the Union government had announced that it would establish eight new Indian Institutes of Technology with budgets allocated for the next six years, to expand technical education and promote social equity in India.
But about a decade since, these IITs have inadequate infrastructure, faculty shortages, they are financially dependent, and fail to attract students who clear entrance examinations for engineering courses, as per a Comptroller and Auditor General December 2021 performance audit report, which was made public in 2023. These issues negatively affect research projects and patents, the report said.
IITs are autonomous engineering education and research institutions, providing undergraduate, postgraduate, and PhD programmes, along with research programmes in applied and interdisciplinary areas.
There were 23 IITs across India as of September 2022. The eight new IITs, approved and set up between 2008 and 2009 are IIT Bhubaneswar, IIT Gandhinagar, IIT Hyderabad, IIT Indore, IIT Jodhpur, IIT Mandi, IIT Patna and IIT Ropar.
An audit of these institutes was conducted between 2014 and 2019, involving records scrutiny, information gathering, physical inspections, and analysing incomplete infrastructure projects, equipment procurement and more.
Of the eight IITs, by November 2020, four owned the land that the government had allotted to them, but the others had land possession issues for their campuses, including academic and residential areas, as well as various facilities, the Comptroller and Auditor General report found.
Each IIT developed…